Causes of Kidney Disease
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two most common causes and are the reasons for most cases of kidney disease.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) slowly gets worse over months or years. You may not notice any signs for some time. The loss of function may be so slow that you do not have symptoms until your kidneys have almost stopped working.
The final stage of chronic kidney disease is called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). At this point, the kidneys are no longer able to remove enough wastes and excess fluids from the body, and dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.
Last Physician Review - January 13, 2015