Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
There is no cure for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). But, there are many things you can do to ease the symptoms and keep the disease from getting worse.
- If you smoke, now is the time to quit. This is the best way to slow lung damage.
- Use medications as prescribed. Medicines used to treat COPD include:
- Quick acting inhalers (bronchodilators) to use when you are short of breath – for example, ProAir, Proventil or Ventolin
- Long acting Inhalers (bronchodilators) to help open the airways – for example, Serevent or Brovana
- Inhaled or oral steroids to reduce lung inflammation – for example, Qvar, Pulmicort or Flovent
- Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling in the airways – for example, Atrovent, Spiriva or Tudorza
- Walk to build up strength:
- Ask the doctor or therapist how far you should walk
- Slowly increase how far you walk
- Try not to talk when you walk if you get short of breath
- Use pursed lip breathing
- Avoid lung irritants including:
- Very cold air
Last Physician Review - January 13, 2015